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司法部科技部权威解读——《国家科学技术奖励条例》第三次大修新意何在
信息来源: 科技日报 发布日期: 2019-10-30 16:08 浏览次数: 字号: [ ]

       riqian,guowuyuanzonglilikeqiangqianshuguowuyuanling,gongbuxiudinghoude《guojiakexuejishujianglitiaoli》(yixiajiancheng《tiaoli》),zi2020nian12yue1riqishixing。

  《tiaoli》dexiudingjiyuzenyangdekaolv,quelileshenmemubiaohedaoxiang?zhenduibeishouguanzhudetimingzhi、pingshenjizhigaige,yijijiadaduikejijianglidejianduchengjielidudengfangmian,《tiaoli》youliangchuleshenmeyinghejucuo?riqian,sifabu、kejibuyouguanfuzerenjiuxiangguanwentihuidajizhetiwen。

  问: 请简要介绍一下《条例》修订的背景和过程?

  da: kejijianglizhidushidangheguojiaweijilizizhuchuangxin、jifarencaihuoli、yingzaolianghaochuangxinhuanjingcaiqudezhongyaojucuo,shiwoguozhangqijianchideyixiangzhongyaozhidu,duiyucujinkejizhichengyinlingjingjishehuifazhan、jiakuaijianshechuangxinxingguojiaheshijiekejiqiangguojuyouzhongyaoyiyi。

亚博app  dangzhongyang、guowuyuanyiguangaoduzhongshikejijiangligongzuo。1999nian,guowuyuanfabushishi《tiaoli》,duidiaodongkejirenyuanjijixinghechuangzaoxing、cujinkejijinbufahuilezhongyaozuoyong。2016nian,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanyinfa《guojiachuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlvegangyao》,yaoqiujinyibugaigehewanshankejijianglizhidu。2017nian5yue,guowuyuanbangongtingfabu《guanyushenhuakejijianglizhidugaigedefangan》(yixiajiancheng《gaigefangan》),mingqueyoukejibu、yuanguowuyuanfazhibanfuzexiuding《tiaoli》。2019nian,《tiaoli》xiudinglieruguowuyuanlifagongzuojihua。

亚博app  weiquebaogaozhiliangwancheng《tiaoli》xiudingrenwu,kejibu、sifabuhuitongyouguanbumen,lishishunian,zaichongfendiaoyanhetingqukejijiejishehuigejieyijianjianyidejichushang,fanfuyanjiu,buduanxiugaiwanshan,zuizhongxingcheng《tiaoli》xiudingcaoan,bingjingguowuyuanchangwuhuiyishenyitongguo,likeqiangzonglizhengshiqianshuguowuyuanlingyinfa。

  问: 本次《条例》修订出于什么考虑?

  da: zhuyaojiyusangekaolv: yishiguancheluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanguanyukejijianglizhidugaigedejuecebushuhexiangguanyaoqiu,weishenhuagaigetigongfazhibaozhang。ershicongwoguoshijiqingkuangchufa,jiangjinnianlaikejijianglishijianzhongtansuodezuofahejingyanshangshengweifalvguifan,jinyibujianquanpingshenbiaozhun,guifanpingshenchengxu,wanshanzhongguotesekejijianglizhidu。sanshijianchiwentidaoxiang,zhenduimuqiankejijianglizhiducunzaidetuchuwenti,jinyibujiaqiangchengxintixijianshe,jiadajianduchengjielidu,jifakejigongzuozhechuangxinhuoli,cujinkejijianglijiankangfazhan。

  问: 《条例》对科技奖励制度确立了怎样的目标、原则和导向?

  da: 《tiaoli》mingque,kejijianglizhidudemubiaoshijianglizaikejijinbuhuodongzhongzuochutuchugongxiandegeren、zuzhi,diaodongkejigongzuozhejijixinghechuangzaoxing,jianshechuangxinxingguojiaheshijiekejiqiangguo。kejijiangligongzuoyingdangjianchizhongguogongchandanglingdao,shishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,guanchezunzhonglaodong、zunzhongzhishi、zunzhongrencai、zunzhongchuangzaodefangzhen,peiyuhejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan。guojiaweihuguojiakexuejishujiangdegongzhengxing、yansuxing、quanweixingherongyuxing,jiangguojiakexuejishujiangshouyuzhuiqiuzhenli、qianxinyanjiu、xueyousuozhang、yanyousuozhuan、ganyuchaoyue、yongpangaofengdekejigongzuozhe。

  《tiaoli》tuchuqiangdiaoleguojiakexuejishujiangyingdangyuguojiazhongdazhanlvexuyaohezhongzhangqikejifazhanguihuajinmijiehe;guojiajiadaduijichuyanjiuheyingyongjichuyanjiudejiangli;guojiazirankexuejiangyingdangzhuzhongqianzhanxing、lilunxing,guojiajishufamingjiangyingdangzhuzhongyuanchuangxing、shiyongxing,guojiakexuejishujinbujiangyingdangzhuzhongchuangxinxing、xiaoyixing。

  问: 《条例》在提名制改革方面亮出什么举措?

  da: cici《tiaoli》xiudingluoshilekejijiangliyou“tuijianzhi”diaozhengwei“timingzhi”degaigeyaoqiu,zhuyaotixianweigaigebaojiangfangshi、qianghuatimingzeren。

亚博app  gaigebaojiangfangshi,shixingyouzhuanjia、xuezhe、zuzhijigou、xiangguanbumendengtimingdezhidu,zaijianchizhengfuzhudaodejichushangchongfenfahuizhuanjia、xuezhezuoyong,tuchujianglidexueshuxing。qianghuatimingzeren,timingzheyingdangyangeanzhaotimingbanfatiming,tigongtimingcailiao,duicailiaodezhenshixinghezhunquexingfuze,binganzhaoguidingchengdanxiangyingzeren。

  问: 《条例》在评审机制改革方面作了哪些规定?

  da: cici《tiaoli》xiudingjinyibuwanshanlekejijianglidepingshenzhize、pingshenbiaozhun、pingshenchengxudeng,zhuyaotixianzaisangefangmian:

  yishimingquekejibuyuguojiakejijiangliweiyuanhuidezhizefengong,kejibufuzeguojiakexuejishujiangdexiangguanbanfazhidinghepingshenhuodongdezuzhigongzuo;guojiakejijiangliweiyuanhuifuzepinqingzhuanjia、xuezhedengzuchengpingshenweiyuanhuihejianduweiyuanhuijinxingpingshenhejiandu;guojiakejijiangliweiyuanhuizuochudejianglijueyiyoukejibufuzeshenhebingbaoguowuyuanpizhun。

  ershijinyibumingquepingshenbiaozhun,qiangdiaoguojiazirankexuejiangyingdangzhuzhongqianzhanxing、lilunxing,guojiajishufamingjiangyingdangzhuzhongyuanchuangxing、shiyongxing,guojiakexuejishujinbujiangyingdangzhuzhongchuangxinxing、xiaoyixing;zaijishufamingjiangzhongzengjialeshiyongxingheyingyongqianjingdengfangmiantiaojian,zaikexuejishujinbujiangzhongzengjialejishuchuangxin、yingyongxiaoyidengfangmiantiaojian。

  sanshiwanshanpingshenchengxu,mingquepingshenhuodongyingjianchigongkai、gongping、gongzhengdeyuanze,pingshenweiyuanhuijipingshenzuyinggenjuxiangguanbanfajinxingpingshen,pingshenbanfa、jianglizongshu、jianglijieguodengxinxiyingdangxiangshehuigongbu,jieshoushehuijiandu。

  问: 在加强科技奖励诚信体系建设方面,《条例》采取了哪些措施?

  da: yishijiaqiangkeyandaodejianshe,mingquepingshenzhuanjiaxujuyoujiaogaodexueshushuipinghelianghaodekexuedaode,zaikejihuodongzhongyouweifanlunlidaodehuozhekeyanbuduandengxingweidegeren、zuzhi,budebeitiminghuozheshouyuguojiakexuejishujiang。ershijianliduitimingzhuanjia、xuezhe、zuzhijigouhepingshenweiyuan、pingshenzhuanjia、houxuanzhedekeyanchengxinyanzhongshixinxingweishujuku。sanshiqianghuakejijiangliderongyuxing,jinzhishiyongguojiakexuejishujiangmingyimouqubuzhengdangliyi。

  问: 针对加大对科技奖励的监督惩戒力度方面,《条例》采取了哪些措施?

  da: yishimingquetimingzhe、pingshenzhuanjiadengjianglihuodongzhutiyingdangzunshoudegongzuojilv,jinzhirenhegeren、zuzhijinxingkenengyingxiangtiminghepingshengongping、gongzhengdehuodong。ershimingquejianduweiyuanhuigenjuxiangguanbanfaduitiming、pingshenheyiyichuligongzuoquanchengjinxingjiandu,bingxiangguojiakejijiangliweiyuanhuibaogaojianduqingkuang。sanshijiadachengchulidu,duijianglihuodonggezhutiguidinglexiangyingdefalvzeren,duiyoukeyanchengxinyanzhongshixinxingweidegeren、zuzhi,jirukeyanchengxinyanzhongshixinxingweishujuku,binganguojiayouguanguidingshishilianhechengjie。

  问: 下一步将开展哪些工作,是否还会出台其他配套文件?

  da: xiayibu,yaboappjiangzhongdianjiaqiangsigefangmiangongzuo:

  yishijiakuaixiuding《tiaoli》shishixizejixiangguanpeitaowenjian。《tiaoli》shishixizexiudingzhengzaizhuajinjinxing,bingjiangtongshizuohaoqitaxiangguanguifanxingwenjiandexiudinggongzuo。ershiquanmianguanchezhixing《tiaoli》guiding。jinyibuwanshankejijianglizhidutixi,shenhuapingshenhejiandujizhigaige,youhuapingshenbiaozhunhechengxu,qianghuajianduhechengjielidu,jianligongkaigongpinggongzhengdepingjiangjizhi,buduantishengjiangligongzuodekexuexingheguifanxing。sanshizhubujianlijianglihoupingguzhidu。zhubujianlihuojiangxiangmujianghougenzongpingguchangtaijizhi,tuidonghuojiangchengguoshenduzhuanhuahechanyehua;tansuojianliguojiakejijianglijixiaopingjiabiaozhuntixi。sishiguifangeleikejipingjiang。jiaqiangyugeyouguanbumengoutongxiediao,jingjiangeleikejipingjiang,guifanshehuikejijiang,jianshaojianglishuliang,tigaojianglizhiliang。



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